X
  • Filter
  • Time
  • Show
Clear All
new posts

  • Dalmatian (croatian ) fig varieties

    Hello to everybody.Beeing a true Dalmatian,beside hospitality my duty is to share,and through my posts
    I will share photos of majority of dalmatian fig varieties.
    Today the star of the day is TERMENJAČA.
    It is an excellent fig to eat ,good for drying,It takes a bit more time then our beloved SUŠIOVKA (ZAMORČICA),
    and it is a bit harder to pick it .
    Photos taken in Vrgorac area,owner of the tree is long gone RIP. but the old lady still produces lovely fruit
    So here she is :

  • #2
    Looks lovely! Thank you for sharing.
    ~RL~ Wish List: St Martin, Pastiliere, Panache, Alma, Salce, Dk Portuguese, Vista, Galicia Negra, Malta Black, Gino & Conadria.

    Comment


    • #3
      Yes, thank you for sharing.
      Jerry, Canyon Lake TX 8b

      Comment


      • #4
        The leaves are beautiful, Thank you

        Comment


        • #5
          Greetings and welcome! Great figs! Looking forward to many more posts and information sharing about our heritage figs!

          Tony - Zone 6A
          WL- Popone, Craven's Craving

          Comment


          • #6
            Today I present you our beloved CRNICA (translated : black fig) .
            It has one crop,arrives in late july ,mid august.
            It is not suitable for drying,but it is an excellent fresh fig,so sweet and juicy(for my taste too sweet)
            It has high yield,and it has good frost resistance.
            It is used for jams and for making our traditional RAKIJA SMOKOVAČA (fig moonshine).

            Comment


            • Dave
              Dave commented
              Editing a comment
              is it me or is this fig dark blue?

            • ljermontov
              ljermontov commented
              Editing a comment
              Dave,sorry on late reply ,my cubital tunnel is killing me ,so I avoid computer for the time being.
              Yes it is more blue then purple,it has strange color,but when it gets fully ripe,almost to fall down from tree it has color between dark purple and black.

            • stxbrewer
              stxbrewer commented
              Editing a comment
              Wow,
              That is a beautiful fig. Do you know how I could get cuttings of that variety fig tree?

          • #7
            Beautifully dark black with perhaps just a tint of blue. Looks wonderful! Is this the fig that is also called "Miljska" or perhaps Crnica is the synonym for Crna Petrovka? Can you suggest a typical weight range for the fully ripe figs? Is it as big as a Petrovaca Bijela? How does it compare to the fig called Petrovaca (Petrovka) Crna if it the Miljska variety? There is a HUGE Black fig that grows on Krk that my cousin has suggested is called Svitovca or perhaps Svitovica or something similar... I can't determine which that variety might be based on a listing provided to the forum by another member back in 2009 as follows:

            Variety 'Miljska figa' Miljska figa. - The variety 'Miljska figa' (synonyms: 'Mužjanka', 'Mivšca', '?rnica', 'Plavka', 'Ravanka') is the main variety cultivated in the coastal area of Slovenia. The fruits are middle-sized (35 cm3) with a purple skin tinged with blue-black. The fruits are oblate (index (width/length) = 1.28), usually without neck and long slender stalk. The pulp is dark red, of rich flavor and of good quality. The tree is moderately vigorous and very productive. 'Miljska figa' does not have a Breba; the main crop ripens in late August and continues to ripen into October.
            .................................................. .................................................. ...........................................
            Variety 'Zelenka' Zelenka. - The variety 'Zelenka' is a mid-season variety with high fruity quality. It is the minor variety cultivated in the coastal area of Slovenia. The fruits are large (61 cm3) with green skin and dark red pulp. The fruits are globose (index (width/length) = 1.10), usually with long neck and short thick stalk. The tree is moderately vigorous with spreading habit. 'Zelenka' does not have a Breba; the main crop ripens in late August and continues to ripen into September.
            .................................................. .................................................. ...........................................
            Variety '?rna Petrovka' ?rna Petrovka - '?rna Petrovka' has a large, vigorous tree with spreading habit. Usually produces a small number of Breba fruit (0-2 Breba fruit per shoot). Breba fruits are large (70 cm3) with short and thick stalk. The main crop fruits are middle-sized (40 cm3), oblate shaped (index (width/length) = 1.42) with almost no neck. The pulp is purple with aromatic flavour. In Slovenia, the first (Breba) crop ripens in late June; the main crop ripens between 20 August and 10 September.
            .................................................. .................................................. ...........................................
            Variety 'Petrova?a bijela' Petrova?a bijela - The variety 'Petrova?a bijela' (synonyms: 'Petrovka', 'Balunja?a', 'Trkva', 'Mljetkinja', 'Bonboni', 'Cukerini', 'Zuccherini', 'Bletkinja', 'Mletkinja') is the main variety cultivated in the coastal area of the south and central Dalmatia. Its spring fruit is large (width/length = 1.05), juicy, weighing 170 g on average, ripening in late June. The fruit of the main crop is significantly smaller (width/length = 1.15), with an average weight of 50 g, ripening from mid-August to mid-October. The fruit is typically fig-shaped, with the light-green skin that is easily detached from the subcutaneous almost white pulp. The inner part of the pulp is of pale-honey-pink color, very juicy and nutty sweet of taste. Trees are vigorous in growth. Leaves are dark green, palmate, with five-lobed leaf-blades. This variety is exclusively used as table fruit.
            .................................................. .................................................. ...........................................
            Variety 'Bjeluša' Bjelica - The variety 'Bjelica' (synonyms: 'Bjeluša', 'Bilica', 'Latinka', 'Butunka', 'Jarakovka' or 'Božinovka', 'Mostarka', 'Grškinja') is very widely cultivated in the areas of south and central Dalmatia and in the Neretva valley. This is a typical two-crop variety, but its Breba crop is not edible. The fruits of main crop are edible, medium-sized (width/length = 1.00), weighing 55 g on average. Ripening begins in early August, lasting for about a month. The fruit is elongated, blunt-shaped, with a completely short neck. The skin is pale-green and thick, easily detached from the pulp. The pulp under the skin is light-white, and inside of pale-honey color, very juicy and nutty sweet of taste. Trees are very vigorous in growth and pretty prolific. Leaves are dark green. The leaf-blade is palmate and most often three-lobed, with very shallow sinuses. It is recommended as quality table variety. Moreover, the fruits are also suitable for drying.
            .................................................. .................................................. ...........................................
            Vodenja?a - The variety 'Vodenja?a' (synonyms: 'Plakavica', 'Vodara', 'Klapavica', 'Trebinjka', 'Turkuša') is widely cultivated around Metkovi?nd Dubrovnik. This is a two-crop variety, the pulps of Breba crop is rarely edible, while the fruit of main crop is large (width/length = 1.02), weighing 60 g on average, ripening in early August, which makes it the earliest fig variety. The fruit skin is green and thin, easily detached from the pulp, which is light-white under the skin, pink in the middle, nutty sweetish of taste. It is vigorous in growth and moderately prolific. The leaf is medium-sized, of dark-green color, while the leaf-blade is palmate and five-lobed. This is an exclusively table fig variety.
            .................................................. .................................................. ...........................................
            Termenja?a - The variety 'Termenja?a' (synonyms: 'Terminica', 'Termulica') is widely cultivated throughout Dalmatia. This is a two-crop variety, of which Breba crop pulps and falls in June, while the main crop develops into a small (width/length = 0.86), edible fruit weighing 45 g on average, ripening in the fist decade of August. The fruit is of irregular elongated shape, with a slightly curved neck by the stalk. The skin is light green, easily detached from the pulp, which is pale, almost completely white, while the central part is of reddish wine color, nutty sweet of taste. It is vigorous in growth, with loose canopy. Leaves are medium-sized, five-lobed, with deep sinuses.
            .................................................. .................................................. ...........................................
            Variety 'Zamorcica' Zamor?ica - The variety 'Zamorcica' has synonyms: 'Zamojcica', 'Barsanica', 'Dobra smokva', 'Visilica', 'Suševka', 'Sušeoka', 'Sušelica', 'Hrvatska smokva', 'Sušeljka', 'Poljarica', 'Bilica', 'Manjukva', 'Tenica', 'Tjenica', 'Adriatica' (California), 'Dalmatskaya' (Crimea). Zamor?ica is Croatian the best and the prevalent fig variety. It is cultivated along the whole coast, mostly on islands. It has also spread without Croatia, in the Ukraine and U.S.A. (California). It is a typical one-crop plant, with a small pyriform fruit (width/length = 1.08), weighing around 30 g on average. The skin is of light green color, slightly turning into yellowish green at the time of ripening. It is thin, easily detached from the pulp, which is white yellowish under the skin and honey pink in the middle, very juicy and sweet, with pleasant aroma. Ripening begins in the first half of August, lasting for about a month. Trees are medium to very vigorous and pretty prolific. The leaf is medium-sized, and the leaf-blade palmate and usually five-lobed. Dry fruits of this variety are particularly valued due to gentle thin skin and good quality, as well as softness and fine taste.
            .................................................. .................................................. ...........................................
            Variety 'Zimica' Zimica - The variety 'Zimica' (synonyms: 'Zimlji?a', 'Zimlja', 'Vrtlarica', 'Poljarica', 'Stambolka', 'Ozimica', 'Zelenka', 'Termenja?a kasna') is cultivated a lot along the whole Croatian coast, particularly in central and south Dalmatia. It is a typical one-crop plant, with small (width/length = 1.01) fruits, weighing around 35 g on average, with a green cuticle. The pulp of the fruit is pale yellowish, of intensive red color in the middle, very juicy, sweet and mildly acid of taste, with distinct aroma. Ripening begins in mid-August, lasting until the beginning of November, which does not make it suitable for drying. Its trees are vigorous, with large deep green leaves. The leaf-blade is palmate and regularly five-lobed, with very deep sinuses.
            .................................................. .................................................. ...........................................
            Zemnjica -The variety 'Zemnjica' (synonyms: 'Zimkinja', 'Zimnica', 'Jesenska', 'Cigulica') is a typical one-crop variety, with an elongated fruit (width/length = 0.75) and a moderately short neck, medium-sized (20-35 g), and is regarded as one of the local varieties with the smallest fruit. The skin is light green, and is somewhat harder to detach from the pulp. The pulp under the skin is pale amber, and in the central part of pale honey color. Its trees are medium vigorous, with dense deep green leaves and palmate leaf-blades, usually five-lobed. This is a table variety, and is less often used for drying.
            .................................................. .................................................. ...........................................
            Variety 'Saraguja' Šaraguja - The variety 'Saraguja' (synonyms: 'Crnica', 'Crna', 'Crnjaka', 'Šipanka', 'Crnka', 'Crnja?a', 'Crnikula') is very widely cultivated in south Dalmatia, and is most abundant on the island of Kor?ula and in Konavle. This is a typical one-crop plant, which develops a medium-sized (30-50 g) fruit, rotund-oblate in shape (width/length = 1.16), of grey-red-purple color. The skin is harder to detach from the pulp, which is of white-amber color under the skin, and intensive red in the middle. The pulp is very juicy, sweet, with nutty acidulous taste. It ripens from mid-August to mid-October. Trees are medium-vigorous, and the leaf medium-sized, of dark green color, with a palmate, three-lobed leaf-blade. It is suitable to be consumed fresh and dried.
            .................................................. .................................................. ...........................................
            Bružetka - The variety 'Bružetka' (synonyms: 'Bruzeta', 'Bunetarka') is widely cultivated on the island of Kor?ula and in Konavle, and is also present in the Dubrovnik littoral. This is a one-crop plant, which develops a medium-sized (30-55 g) fruit, oblate in shape (width/length = 1.00), with a very short neck and short stalk, which is very hard to detach at harvest. The skin of the fruit is dark purple, while the central part of the pulp is of intensive red color, quite juicy and of very nutty sweet-sour taste. It ripens in the second half of August. Trees are very vigorous and pretty prolific. Leaves are palmate, green, indented, and three-lobed. It is recommended as table variety, and for drying to a lesser extent.
            .................................................. .................................................. ...........................................
            Variety 'Sušilica' Sušilica - The variety 'Sušilica' (synonyms: 'Zamor?ica', 'Tenica', 'Novljanka', 'Primorka') is the most popular in bay of Boka Kotorska. Due to frost sensitive, it isn't spread in continental region. The shape of fruits are pyriform with clearly long neck and stalk (index width/length = 0.85). The average weight of fruits is 35 grams. F. Tabain believed that fruits with shorter neck have shorter stalk and conversely. The fruit skin is bright green mixed with yellowish halftone. The pulp is roseate, rarely light red, very sweet and of good quality. 'Susilica' have no Breba, and fruits ripens in the beginning of August. The tree is small or moderately vigorous and very productive. The fruits are used for drying and fresh consumption.
            .................................................. .................................................. ...........................................
            Variety 'Rezavica' Rezavica - This variety (synonyms: 'Duzica', 'Bjelica', 'Jesenka', 'Jesenja bjelica') is cultivated in whole subtropical region of Montenegro, but it is the main variety in Bar and Ulcinj municipality, and it is suitable for drying due to the high content of sugar. The fruits are oblong (index = 0.91), and with curve in neck. The stalk is short (2-4 mm), and average weight of fruit is 45 gram. The skin is greenish tinged with yellowish, and pulp is dark red, very sweet and of good taste. This is one cropping variety, and fruits are ripening in first decade of August, a week later than 'Susilica'. All fruits ripen in 20 days. The tree is moderately vigorous.
            .................................................. .................................................. ...........................................
            Variety 'Zimnica' Zimnica - The variety Zimnica is known as a 'Jesenka', spread in subtropical region of Montenegro, but is especially respectable in Crmnica region. This variety has a higher content of acid and aromatic taste due to its sugar: acid ratio. The fruits are round (index = 0.99) and completely green colored, with average weight of 38 grams. The stalk is 0.5 cm long, and pulp is intensive red colored. 'Zimnica' does not have a Breba and become a ripen in third decade of August. During a nice summer and autumn, it is possible to ripening to the November. The tree is very vigorous, and frits are used for fresh consumption and candying.
            .................................................. .................................................. ...........................................
            Variety 'Crna patlidzanka' Crna patlidzanka - Variety 'Crna patlidzanka' (synonyms: 'Lipovka', 'fig patlidyan', 'Carigradska patlidzanka') is one cropping variety, mainly cultivated in Bar region. The fruits are 45 grams in weight, with a purple black skin tinged with copper. The shape of fruits are oblong (index 0.79), and there are no stalk. It seems that fruits sitting on braches, and cause difficulties in harvest. The pulp is reddish and medial quality. 'Crna patlidzanka' ripens in half of August, and the tree is very vigorous. The fruits are used for fresh consumption.
            .................................................. .................................................. ...........................................
            Variety 'Crna Sultanija' Crna Sultanija - Variety 'Crna Sultanija' (synonyms: 'Crna skadranka', 'Trojka', 'Carigradska smokva') is one of the most popular fig in Bar region. Breba is the main crop and ripens in the end of June, while second crop begin ripening in second decade of August. The Breba fruits are usually oblong, 70 grams in weight, with short and slender neck. The skin is dark violet tinged with purple. Second crop has a round shape of fruit, 25 grams in weight. The taste is very good, and this is one of the most beautiful variety grown in Montenegro. The fruits are not so suitable for transport. The tree is vigorous.
            .................................................. .................................................. ...........................................
            Variety 'Trojka' Trojka - This variety (synonym 'Sedmakinja') cultivated in the coastal region and especially in periphery of capital town Podgorica where is very respectably due to its high productivity. It is seems that they have tree crops in year. Breba fruits are very oblong similar to a bottle, with slender neck. The fruits of second crop are smaller, and round. The skin is greenish-yellowish with less tone of purple. The skin sometimes cracks on surface. Pulp is intensive red with a large hollow, bigger than any other variety. Maturation on Breba is in the half of July, and second crop ripens in half of August. The tree is moderately vigorous.

            Perhaps between yourself and Tomi (Werter1), you could provide some update and / or clarification to this list since you are both in a better position to know....

            Thanks and regards,
            Tony (aka Mladen)
            Tony - Zone 6A
            WL- Popone, Craven's Craving

            Comment


            • #8
              There are lot of varieties of black figs,and lot of different names for the same kind of fig.
              In my place Neretva valley, for one type of fig there are plenty of names, each village has different name.
              Situation is the same in Slovenia,Bosnia and Herzegovina,Montenegro,Macedonia...We have an abundance of figs and a mess of names.
              Standardizadion has been done but not completed.
              I will compare data with our books about figs(Karlo Brzica "SMOKVA" 1988.) and etimology.
              What is certain is that this is not Petrovača (petrovka),because white or black petrovka has two fruits,and this one Crnica has only one fruit.

              Comment


              • Fygmalion
                Fygmalion commented
                Editing a comment
                Excellent... That would appear to be a very strong distinction and useful in future attempts at standardization... So Crnica is a Breba only fig versus Breba followed by Main crop. Considering the fairly moderate temperature of coastal Croatia, especially in the Dalmatia region, is it usual or unusual for a fig to mature its Breba only crop in the early or middle third quarter of the year? I ask only out of ignorance as I really am not familiar with such cultivar and I would really like to understand what the possibilities are regarding this variety maturing fruit in less moderate climates such as anything above Zone 7. My understanding is that the Dalmatia coastal region around Dubrovnik is zone 10a and even the area around Rijecka is a zone 9. Wondering if this fig would ever set a Breba only fig in US zones 5, 6 or 7....

                Thanks and regards,
                Tony

            • #9
              Tony,hello!
              As per our late fig scientists Karlo Brzica and Frano Tabain(Stanica za južne kulture Dubrovnik founder) CRNICA is as you call it breba only fig.
              As I said to You it arrives betveen end of July in my area (Neretva river valley,climate is mild to hot with great fruit production,known as croatian California),
              but in my wife`s area, Ravča ,Vrgorac( mountain area with Biokovo mountain in front ,area Very with cold winters,and mild summers ) it arrives in mid August.
              Her village has microclimate which is similar to Rijeka coastal area.
              As beeing our most winter tollerant fig I think You could grow it.
              Figure out the way for me to send you the cuttings in February to the USA.

              My wife bfig growing area :

              https://www.google.hr/maps/@43.18757.../data=!3m1!1e3

              Comment


              • Fygmalion
                Fygmalion commented
                Editing a comment
                Thank you for the additional information and sorry to hear about your problem with cubital tunnel syndrome... I have had my own issues with age related degradation of the elbow ligaments requiring steroid injections as well as carpal tunnel and know how unpleasant it is to spend time on a computer keyboard...

                Regarding Crnica, It is a beautiful fig and your pictures are striking. It would be great to try and cultivate here and the Breba crop would be a great reward for that effort. I would keep it in a 80-120 liter container and bring it indoors into my garage to keep it protected from the worst of our coldest weather if I had it, the cutting issue poses a challenge that I will need to think about and resolve between now and February....

                Thanks and I hope your cupital tunnel resolves quickly and gives you relief...
                Cheers,
                Tony

            • #10
              Bump... ljermontov ... How did the winter treat your Crnica fig? Any other nice varieties you can share information with us about?
              Tony - Zone 6A
              WL- Popone, Craven's Craving

              Comment


              • #11
                I received my first two Dalmatie trees - dormant from Pino over the winter. Based on how they were described to me, I'm very excited to eat some of these figs this summer...

                Thanks for sharing!
                Guildwood Village - Toronto, Canada - Zone 6

                Comment


                • DevIsgro
                  DevIsgro commented
                  Editing a comment
                  Pino's Dalmatie monsters look incredible and his trees and cuttings are top notch.

              • #12
                Damage from the frost on the top of Crnica tree and on the potatoes.It happened on 21./22.04.2017.when temperature fell around 0 C on some locations it fell up to -4C followed with icy fog.Whole region of Dalmatia was affected.

                Comment


                • Fygmalion
                  Fygmalion commented
                  Editing a comment
                  Sorry to see that you got hit with the late frost, Ernesto. Hopefully the figs will bounce back strongly for you. These late killing frosts are the worst fear for northern gardeners... My area had a late killing frost last year after all the apples had flowered and the nuts like the almonds already set fruit and we lost the whole years crop. Today, my apples are full of flowers about to burst open and I am hoping no late frosts this year to damage them...

              • #13
                That CRNICA fig looks divine. Looks like an excellent candidate for my collection.
                Tired of replacing tree tags? So was I and my orchard clients. Check out our custom embossed stainless steel tags on figbid.com!

                Comment

                Working...
                X